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Canada Basketball's Model for Long Term Athlete Development (LTAD)

The LTAD is:

Optimal training, competition, and recovery programming with relation to biological development and maturation.

Equal opportunity for participation and competition.

Athlete centered, coach driven and administration, sport science and sponsor supported.

Optimal Ages




A4L 12+ yrs





T2C 15+ yrs (female)
T2C 16+ yrs (male)


T2T 11-15 yrs (female)
T2T 12-16 yrs (male)

L2T 9-12 yrs

Fun 6-9 yrs

Active 0-6 yrs

The RCBA uses the LTAD Model as a tool when building our overall programming and in the development of our coaches practice plans. Please see below for highlight information on the FUNdamentals, L2T and T2T stages.


Overall movement skills

General, overall development

Integrated mental, cognitive and emotional development

ABCs of athleticism: agility, balance, coordination and speed

ABCs of athletics: running, jumping, throwing and wheeling for wheelchair sports

Develop strength for use of own body weight exercises

Introduce simple rules of ethics and fair play of sport

Well structured programs without periodization

Daily physical activity, still emphasizing fun

Learn to Train 

Overall Sport Skill Development

Major skill learning stage: all basic sport skills should be learned  before entering
puberty or the Train to Train stage

Integrated mental, cognitive and emotional development

Introduction to mental preparation

Develop strength through own body weight, addition of medicine or Swiss ball

Introduce ancillary capacities

Further identification and development of talents

Single or double periodization

Sport specific training 3 times per week, other sport activities 3 times per week

Train to Train 

Sport skill development

Major fitness development stage; aerobic, speed and strength

The onset of the growth sport, peak height velocity (PHV) (the fastest rate of      
growth after growth decelerates), and the onset of menarche are the biological

Build the physical and mental engine

Integrated mental, cognitive and emotional development

Introduce free weights

Develop ancillary capacities

Frequent musculoskeletal evaluations during the growth spurt

Talent identification and selection

Single or double periodization

Sport specific training 6-9 times per week, including complimentary sports